In English-speaking countries, first grade is typically the first year of formal education for children between the ages of 5 and 7. The curriculum may vary somewhat between different countries, but here are some of the main subjects and skills that are typically studied and learned in first grade:

  1. READING: First graders learn to read by decoding words and recognizing sight words. They learn phonics, which is the relationship between sounds and letters, and they start to read simple sentences and stories. They also learn comprehension skills, such as predicting outcomes and retelling stories.

  2. WRITING: First graders begin to write their own sentences and stories, using basic punctuation and spelling. They learn to use capital letters and periods, and they begin to write stories with a beginning, middle, and end.

  3. MATH: First graders learn basic math concepts, such as counting, addition, subtraction, and telling time. They learn to recognize numbers and understand number concepts, such as greater than and less than.

  4. SCIENCE: First graders explore the natural world around them, learning about topics such as plants, animals, weather, and the human body. They may also learn about simple machines and other scientific concepts.

  5. SOCIAL STUDIES: First graders learn about their community, including topics such as neighborhoods, families, and basic geography. They may also learn about holidays and cultural traditions.

  6. ARTS: First graders explore their creativity through various art forms, such as drawing, painting, and music. They also learn about different artists and art styles.

These are some of the main subjects and skills that are typically covered in first grade in English-speaking countries. However, the specific curriculum may vary depending on the school, district, or country.